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React + WordPress : REST API

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React + WordPress : REST API

Requirements for integrating React with WordPress.

WordPress 4.7 or higher

Project Setup

  1. Run npm install -g create-react-app on your terminal, if you have not installed globally
  2. Run create-react-app wordpress-react-app to install react
  3. After the packages have been installed navigate into wordpress-react-app
  4. To start the project: npm start

Connecting React with WordPress

Open the project in your editor. Create a new folder named components inside the src folder. For React to work with WordPress, the connection can be established via REST API.

Defining the backend URL’s in React

Create a file GetData.js inside components. Let’s create a constant named appUrl to add the WordPress URL+ JSON path.

const appUrl = “http://dev.wpreactbackend.com/wp-json/wp/v2/";

For this example I’ll be listing the posts I’ve got on my WordPress. So to do that lets create another constant, this time name it has getPost.

const getPosts = `${appUrl}posts`;

This can be tested by typing /wp-json/wp/v2/posts after the WordPress URL.

Make sure you export the created constants.

Getting Posts

Create a file PostList.js inside components.

  1. To begin with lets import React and getPosts to this newly created file.
import React, {Component} from ‘react’
import {getPosts} from ‘./getData’

2. Define a state array as posts

state = {
posts: []
}

3. Now lets fetch API under componentDidMount function.
componentDidMount is performed when received data from the server

componentDidMount() {
let postUrl = `${getPosts}`;
fetch(postUrl)
.then(data => data.json())
.then(data => {
this.setState({
posts: data
})
})
}

What happens here is we are collecting the data from the JSON and then (.then which is a promise) we set it to the state(setState) we created as posts.

4. Under render() lets define another variable and loop the received data

REST API Results
let listposts = this.state.posts.map((post, index) => {
return(
<div key={index}>
<h4>{post.title.rendered}</h4>
<p dangerouslySetInnerHTML={{__html: post.content.rendered}}/>
</div>
)
})

let listposts = this.state.posts.map((post, index) : Posts inside the array is looped

post : One post

post.title.rendered : To get the title of the post

Returned values

If you use post.content.rendered to get the post content then it will render with the HTML tags.

Returned with HTML tags

As you can see it returns with the HTML tags. To eliminate the that we use dangerouslySetInnerHTML

Displaying the Data

return (
<article>
<h1>Posts</h1>
{listposts}
</article>
);

Go to the App.js and import PostList from postList.js

<PostList/>

This will do the trick and hopefully your site will display as below;

React and WordPress API returned site

Note: Have the React app and the WordPress hosted in the same environment to overcome any issues that could arise with CORs.

Host Information

Frontend: thisisreactwithwordpress.com
Backend: backendadmin.thisisreactwithwordpress.com


Check out the project on Github.

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